Class: Complex

Inherits:
Numeric show all
Defined in:
opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb

Constant Summary

I =
new(0, 1)

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods inherited from Numeric

#%, #[email protected], #<=>, #[], #__coerced__, #ceil, #clone, #div, #divmod, #dup, #floor, #i, #integer?, #negative?, #nonzero?, #positive?, #round, #to_c, #to_int, #truncate, #zero?

Methods included from Comparable

#<, #<=, #>, #>=, #between?, normalize

Constructor Details

#initialize(real, imag = 0) ⇒ Complex

Returns a new instance of Complex


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 26

def initialize(real, imag = 0)
  @real = real
  @imag = imag
end

Instance Attribute Details

#imagObject (readonly) Also known as: imaginary

Returns the value of attribute imag


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 24

def imag
  @imag
end

#realObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute real


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 24

def real
  @real
end

Class Method Details

.polar(r, theta = 0) ⇒ Object


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 16

def self.polar(r, theta = 0)
  unless Numeric === r && r.real? && Numeric === theta && theta.real?
    raise TypeError, 'not a real'
  end

  new(r * Math.cos(theta), r * Math.sin(theta))
end

.rect(real, imag = 0) ⇒ Object


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 4

def self.rect(real, imag = 0)
  unless Numeric === real && real.real? && Numeric === imag && imag.real?
    raise TypeError, 'not a real'
  end

  new(real, imag)
end

.rectangularObject


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 13

def self.rect(real, imag = 0)
  unless Numeric === real && real.real? && Numeric === imag && imag.real?
    raise TypeError, 'not a real'
  end

  new(real, imag)
end

Instance Method Details

#*(other) ⇒ Object


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 75

def *(other)
  if Complex === other
    Complex(@real * other.real - @imag * other.imag,
            @real * other.imag + @imag * other.real)
  elsif Numeric === other && other.real?
    Complex(@real * other, @imag * other)
  else
    __coerced__ :*, other
  end
end

#**(other) ⇒ Object


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 101

def **(other)
  if other == 0
    return Complex.new(1, 0)
  end

  if Complex === other
    r, theta = polar
    ore      = other.real
    oim      = other.imag
    nr       = Math.exp(ore * Math.log(r) - oim * theta)
    ntheta   = theta * ore + oim * Math.log(r)

    Complex.polar(nr, ntheta)
  elsif Integer === other
    if other > 0
      x = self
      z = x
      n = other - 1

      while n != 0
        while (div, mod = n.divmod(2); mod == 0)
          x = Complex(x.real * x.real - x.imag * x.imag, 2 * x.real * x.imag)
          n = div
        end

        z *= x
        n -= 1
      end

      z
    else
      (Rational.new(1, 1) / self) ** -other
    end
  elsif Float === other || Rational === other
    r, theta = polar

    Complex.polar(r ** other, theta * other)
  else
    __coerced__ :**, other
  end
end

#+(other) ⇒ Object


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 55

def +(other)
  if Complex === other
    Complex(@real + other.real, @imag + other.imag)
  elsif Numeric === other && other.real?
    Complex(@real + other, @imag)
  else
    __coerced__ :+, other
  end
end

#-(other) ⇒ Object


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 65

def -(other)
  if Complex === other
    Complex(@real - other.real, @imag - other.imag)
  elsif Numeric === other && other.real?
    Complex(@real - other, @imag)
  else
    __coerced__ :-, other
  end
end

#[email protected]Object


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 51

def [email protected]
  Complex(-@real, -@imag)
end

#/(other) ⇒ Object Also known as: divide, quo


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 86

def /(other)
  if Complex === other
    if (Number === @real && @real.nan?) || (Number === @imag && @imag.nan?) ||
       (Number === other.real && other.real.nan?) || (Number === other.imag && other.imag.nan?)
      Complex.new(Float::NAN, Float::NAN)
    else
      self * other.conj / other.abs2
    end
  elsif Numeric === other && other.real?
    Complex(@real.quo(other), @imag.quo(other))
  else
    __coerced__ :/, other
  end
end

#==(other) ⇒ Object


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 41

def ==(other)
  if Complex === other
    @real == other.real && @imag == other.imag
  elsif Numeric === other && other.real?
    @real == other && @imag == 0
  else
    other == self
  end
end

#absObject Also known as: magnitude


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 143

def abs
  Math.hypot(@real, @imag)
end

#abs2Object


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 147

def abs2
  @real * @real + @imag * @imag
end

#angleObject Also known as: arg


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 151

def angle
  Math.atan2(@imag, @real)
end

#coerce(other) ⇒ Object


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 31

def coerce(other)
  if Complex === other
    [other, self]
  elsif Numeric === other && other.real?
    [Complex.new(other, 0), self]
  else
    raise TypeError, "#{other.class} can't be coerced into Complex"
  end
end

#conjObject Also known as: conjugate


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 157

def conj
  Complex(@real, -@imag)
end

#denominatorObject


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 163

def denominator
  @real.denominator.lcm(@imag.denominator)
end

#eql?(other) ⇒ Boolean

Returns:


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 169

def eql?(other)
  Complex === other && @real.class == @imag.class && self == other
end

#fdiv(other) ⇒ Object


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 173

def fdiv(other)
  unless Numeric === other
    raise TypeError, "#{other.class} can't be coerced into Complex"
  end

  self / other
end

#hashObject


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 181

def hash
  "Complex:#@real:#@imag"
end

#inspectObject


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 187

def inspect
  "(#{to_s})"
end

#numeratorObject


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 193

def numerator
  d = denominator

  Complex(@real.numerator * (d / @real.denominator),
          @imag.numerator * (d / @imag.denominator))
end

#polarObject


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 202

def polar
  [abs, arg]
end

#rationalize(eps = undefined) ⇒ Object


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 208

def rationalize(eps = undefined)
  %x{
    if (arguments.length > 1) {
      #{raise ArgumentError, "wrong number of arguments (#{`arguments.length`} for 0..1)"};
    }
  }

  if @imag != 0
    raise RangeError, "can't' convert #{self} into Rational"
  end

  real.rationalize(eps)
end

#real?Boolean

Returns:


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 222

def real?
  false
end

#rectObject Also known as: rectangular


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 226

def rect
  [@real, @imag]
end

#to_fObject


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 232

def to_f
  unless @imag == 0
    raise RangeError, "can't convert #{self} into Float"
  end

  @real.to_f
end

#to_iObject


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 240

def to_i
  unless @imag == 0
    raise RangeError, "can't convert #{self} into Integer"
  end

  @real.to_i
end

#to_rObject


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 248

def to_r
  unless @imag == 0
    raise RangeError, "can't convert #{self} into Rational"
  end

  @real.to_r
end

#to_sObject


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# File 'opal/opal/corelib/complex.rb', line 256

def to_s
  result = @real.inspect

  if (Number === @imag && @imag.nan?) || @imag.positive?
    result += ?+
  else
    result += ?-
  end

  result += @imag.abs.inspect

  if Number === @imag && (@imag.nan? || @imag.infinite?)
    result += ?*
  end

  result + ?i
end